Dog training basics

Be consistent. 
Use the same cue for the same command each time. If you use “come” one week, “come here” the next, and “come here, boy” the following, you’ll confuse your dog.


Start easy and then move up.
You want to go step-by-step and give your dog lots of practice getting it right. Start with an easy command in a familiar place with no distractions. Once he gets used to idea you can introduce new people and locations.

Wait until your dog has mastered the current challenge before you add a new one. 


Don’t repeat the command.
It’s easy to do, but it teaches your dog that he doesn’t need to respond promptly to the first command. Patience is required more so on your side at this point than his. 


Use food treats and rewards.
There are many methods of training your dog, but one of the best is to use treats, both as a lure to get your dog where you want him to go and as a reward for obeying the command. If your dog isn't interested in food try using verbal commands and a pat instead.


Time it right.
The praise and reward needs to come immediately after the dog does what you want. Make rewards sporadic, then phase them out.
Dogs are more motivated by unpredictable rewards. Once your dog gets the idea of what you’re asking him to do, hand out treats only for the best responses–the quickest sit, the best down. 


Keep it short and sweet. 
Training will be most effective if it’s fun and you stop before either of you gets bored or frustrated. Keep the mood upbeat, not serious, and make the sessions short. 


Mix up people and places.
If you want your dog to obey your child, your spouse or any other family members, and to be as behaved in the kitchen as he is in the yard, practice having different people give commands in different settings.


Keep practicing.
Don’t expect that once your dog has learned something, he's learned it for life. He can lose his new skills without regular practice.


Bottom line: Basic commands not only teach helpful skills, they reinforce your role as your dog’s leader. Using treats to lure your dog into the correct position or place, and then to reward her for obeying, is one of the easiest and most dog-friendly methods.